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Spiritual Ministration

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Shri Shri Shri Shivabalayogi Maharaj Life & Spiritual Ministration
Glossary

 

Abhyas     Practice.

Adi Ashram     The First Ashram.

Advaita     Non-dual Advaita Vedanta The Philosophical portion of the Vedas which expounds the philosophy of Non-dualism.

Aham     ‘I’ or ego.

Ahamkar     The ego sense or the sense of ‘I’.

Ajna Chakra     Yoga centre of concentration, see Chapter 9.

Anahat Chakra     Yoga centre of concentration, see Chapter 9.

Ananda     Bliss.

Antarmukhi Turned inward.

Arjuna     One of the five Pandavas to whom Shri Krishna expounded the Bhagvad Gita.

Asana     Yogic Posture.

Asanga     Unattached, in this context implies being unattached in any way to the fruits of one’s action.

Ashanti     Lack of peace.

Ashirwad     Blessings Ashram     A holy retreat.

Atman     Self.

Atman Vidya     Knowledge of self.

Anna Daan     The gift of food; the feeding of the poor and the needy, undertaken as a charitable act.

Bahir Mukhi     Turned outward.

Bala Yogi     Boy Yogi.

Beedi     A type of cheap cigarette popular in India.

Bhagvad Gita     The discourse given by Shri Krishna to Arjuna. Bhakti     Devotion and love.

Bhrikuti     The point between the two eye brows.

Bramhan     The Absolute.

Bramhacharya     Celibacy.

Buddha     Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism.

Chakras     yoga centres of concentration.

Chanchal     Agitated or unsteady.

Chidabhas     The reflected consciousness of the Atman which gives rise to the ‘Jiva’.

Chit     Pure or absolute consciousness.

Chit Jada Granthi     The knot that binds the conscious with the unconscious, in this case refers to the knot that binds the conscious self to the unconscious body.

Deva     A god or a celestial being.

Devata     A female deity.

Deva Loka     The region where the Devatas reside.

Devi     A deity denotes both male and female.

Devi Kalottar     It is one of the minor ‘Agamas’ or Shaivite Scriptures.

Dhyana     Though usually translated as meditation, this is an incomplete translation.  This term has been fully expounded in chapter 9.

Dhyana Siddhi     Perfection or the fullest attainment in Dhyana.

Dhyana Yoga     The path of spiritual realisation through the practice of Dhyana.

Diksha     Initiation.

Ekagratha     One pointedness.

Gunas     The three fundamental qualities, tendencies or stresses which underlay all manifestations. These are Satya, Rajas and Tamas.

Guru     Spiritual preceptor or spiritual teacher.

Guru Agya (Ajna) Commandment of the Guru.

Guru Kripa     The Guru’s grace.

Hridayam     The heart: in this context refers to the spiritual heart which is the seat of consciousness located at the right side of the chest.

Ishta Deva     The chosen ideal of the Godhead.

Jagat     The Universe.

Jai Jaikara     Jai means victory, Jai Jaikaras are shouts of victory, analogous to the ‘Hurrahs’ used in Western countries.

Jangam Devar     A sect of Sadhus in Andhra Pradesh devoted to the worship of Lord Shiva.

Japa/Japam     Continuous repetition of a Mantra with concentrated mind.

Jiva     The individual soul.

Jyothi     Light.

Kula Guru     Family Guru.

Kundalini     The mystic circle of 3½ coils situated in the umbilical region, the yogic principle of coiled serpent power, the primal Maya.

Kalpa     Age: used to denote the Hindu concept of the cycle of time.

Lakshya     Aim.

Lassi     A drink made of out of diluted curd.

Lathi     A bamboo staff.

Laya     Absorption leading to subsidence.

Loka     Region, also denotes the seven spheres above the earth.

Mahatma     A great or lofty soul, a highly spiritual person who is in tune with the Infinite.

Manipura Chakra     A Yoga centre, see Chapter 9.

Mathadhipathi     Math denotes a monastery; Adhipathi is the term used for the Senior or Head Monk, hence the term denotes Head Monk or Abbot of a Monastery.

Manolaya     Subsidence of the mind caused by absorption of the mind and the breath in Hridayam (Spiritual Heart).

Manonash     Destruction of the mind.

Manovritti     Tendencies of the mind.

Mantra Seed     letters used for meditation and mental repetition (Japa).

Mantra Diksha     Initiation into a Mantra.

Mara     The devil as conceived in Buddhism.

Marga     Path. Moksha     Liberation; final emancipation or release from birth and death.

Mowna Upadesa     Instruction imparted through Silence.

Mudra     Pose of the hand as used in worship and in dance.

Mumukshu     An aspirant who yearns for liberation.

Mukti     Liberation, see moksha.

Muladhara Chakra     Yogic centre; see Chapter 9.

Namaskar     An Indian form of salutation made by joining both the hands.

Nirguna Upasana     Worship of the attributeless supreme Brahman.

Nirvikalpa Samadhi     The state of consciousness in which the Jiva of individual soul looses its sense of individuality arid merges into the Supreme Atman;
see Chapter 9.

Niyam     Rules of good conduct required to be observed by Sadhakas, particularly those following the Eight Fold path of Yoga.

Omkar Dhwani/ Shabd     The sound of ‘OM’; ‘OM’ is the “Pranava” or the first manifested sound, all other ‘Mantras’ and sounds are derived from it.

Padma Asana     Lotus posture, one of the yogic postures prescribed for those practicing Dhyana.

Pandal     An improvised shelter.

Patanjali     A great saint, reputed as the author of the “Yoga Sutra”.

Prakarana     Section of a book.

Pranayama     Breath control.

Prasad     Sacred offering.

Pravachan     Discourse

Ramakrishna Paramahamsa     The great sage of Dakshineshwar, Calcutta, in whose name the well known Ramakrishna Math and Mission have been organized.

Sadhaka     Spiritual aspirant.

Sadhana     Spiritual practice.

Sadhu     A Holy man.

Sahaj Nirvikalpa     The natural stage of Nirvikalpa.

Sahasrar Chakra     Yogic centre. See Chapter 9.

Sakshatkar     Realisation through direct perception.

Samadhi     Super conscious state.

Samadarshan     Equal vision.

Santosh     Contentment.

Sangam     Confluence.

Sat-Chit-Ananda     Absolute existence - Absolute consciousness and absolute bliss.

Satsang     Holy company.

Sanyas     The vow of asceticism, renunciation.

Sanyasins     Those who have renounced the world.

Satva (Guna)     One of the three ‘Gunas’ representative of peace and purity.

Savikalpa Samadhi     A state of super consciousness in which the distinction between the knower, knowledge and known is not yet lost.

Siddhi     Realisation, attainment. Also denotes supernatural powers.

Siddha Asana     One of the Yogic postures recommended for those practicing dhyana.

Siddha Purusha     A person who has gained siddhi or realization.

Shishya     Disciple.

Shiva Linga     Symbolic emblem of Shiva.

Shakti     The manifesting energy of a divine aspect, represented mythologically as the wife of the God.

Shankaracharya     A great saint who lived in the 9th Century who re-established Advaita Vedant after it had become lost due to the upsurge of Buddhism.

Shanti     Peace.

Shastra     Scripture.

Shunya     Void.

Shukhama Sharir     Subtle body.

Stithi     Firm abidance.

Sushumna Nadi     The central nerve spoken of in the Yogic scriptures.

Swayambhu Lingam     Self-evolved Lingam of Shiva.

Swadhisthana Chakra     Yogi centre. See Chapter 9. Swami     Lord, a title used as a mark of respect for holy man.

Swarupa     Form. In this context, as Atman is the Swarup of the Jiva or the individual soul, the word implies constant abidance in the Atman.

Tamas (Tamo Guna)     One of the three Gunas indicative of inertia and ignorance.

Tapas     Religious austerity.

Tapasvin     A person who practices Tapas.

Trimurti     Darshan Vision of God in His manifestation as the Trinity Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshwara.

Upwas     Abstention from food, fast undertaken as a religious discipline.

Utpatti     Origin.

Upadesa     The spiritual guidance or teaching given by a Guru.

Vairagya     Dispassion or freedom from worldly desire.

Vasanas     Predispositions, tendencies or propensities of the mind in the present life acquired as a result of experiences of former lives.

Vasishta     The kula guru of Shri Rama and great saint well known for expounding the Yoga Vasishta Ramayana.

Vibhuthi     Holy ashes.

Vichar     Enquiry into the Truth of Atman.

Vishudhi     Yogic centre. See Chapter 9.

Vivek Chudamani     An Advaitic treatise by Shankaracharya meaning “the crest jewel of discrimination”.

Vritti Jnana     Vritti means an idea or a thought, hence the term means knowledge in the form of an idea or thought.  In this context by describing Realisation as Vritti Jnana, it is intended to convey that Realisation is not an object of knowledge, but knowledge itself; it is not knowing but becoming.

Yagna     Religious sacrifice according to vedic rites.

Yama     Principles of good conduct enjoined on sadhakas, particularly those following the Eightfold Yogi path.

Yoga     The spiritual path which enables the va or the Individual Soul to attain union with the Atman.

Yoga Brashta     A person who has fallen from the practice of Yoga.

Yoga Shastra     Scriptures dealing with the practice of Yoga.

Yoga Sutras     Yoga Aphorisms.

Yoga Vasishta     The treatise imparted by Vasishta to Shri Rama.

Zamindar     Landlord.

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